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  • Writer's pictureFelipe Jaramillo

Is Kotlin Worth It in 2024? Evaluating the Benefits and Limitations for Developers

Originally birthed to address the complexities and shortcomings of Java, Kotlin swiftly became the darling of Android developers seeking a more streamlined coding experience. This article delves into why Kotlin is revolutionizing mobile app development, offers a guide to its synergy with Android Studio, and explores how it's shaping the creation of cross-platform apps that resonate with users.

Is Kotlin Worth It in 2024? Evaluating the Benefits and Limitations for Developers


Why Kotlin is a Great Choice for App Development

Kotlin's rise as a premier choice for Android app development is undeniable. Since JetBrains introduced it in 2011, it has evolved into a powerful tool, especially after Google endorsed it as an official programming language for Android in 2017. Kotlin's concise syntax and robust compatibility with Java, the long-standing standard in Android development, make it ideal for crafting modern, high-quality applications.

Kotlin not only streamlines the development process but also integrates smoothly with existing Java codebases. This facilitates easier transitions for developers, leveraging past investments in Java projects. Its null safety feature stands out, addressing common null pointer exceptions, a frequent cause of Android app crashes. Coupled with its type inference, Kotlin enhances the readability and manageability of code.

Active Kotlin Developers (in millions)


What is Null Safety?

Null safety is a feature in programming languages such as Kotlin that helps prevent null reference errors, also known as "null-pointer exceptions." These errors happen when a program attempts to access or modify an object reference that has not been initialized to a specific object, resulting in the reference pointing to "null" or "nothing."

In languages without null safety, a variable can hold either an object reference or null. If a programmer inadvertently uses a null reference as though it were a valid object, it can lead to runtime errors, which are often hard to trace and debug.


Security and Integration Key Features.

Security in Kotlin is a strong suit. Its emphasis on safety helps fortify applications against vulnerabilities, addressing growing concerns over mobile security. Developers using Kotlin can expect their applications to align with industry standards and be ready to incorporate evolving features and functionalities.

Moreover, Kotlin's integration with Android Studio, Google's official IDE for Android development, provides a comprehensive environment for writing, testing, and debugging. This, along with Google's full support, underscores Kotlin's importance and potential in the Android app ecosystem. It's not just a language; it's a driver of digital solution evolution on mobile platforms, offering a blend of efficiency, safety, and forward compatibility.


Advantages of Using Kotlin for Android Development

Kotlin offers a wide range of advantages that can help businesses align their digital services with their strategic objectives.

Developers Inspiration to try Kotlin - According to The State of Developer Ecosystem in 2022 Infographic by JetBrains
Developers Inspiration to try Kotlin - According to The State of Developer Ecosystem in 2022 Infographic by JetBrains

Concise Syntax and Java Compatibility:

  • Kotlin's syntax is more concise than Java's, simplifying code readability and maintenance.

  • It seamlessly integrates with existing Java codebases, facilitating smooth transitions and leveraging past Java investments.

  • Enhances code manageability with features like null safety and type inference, reducing app crashes.

Security and Reliability:

  • Focuses on safety to reduce vulnerabilities, a crucial factor given the rising concerns over mobile security.

  • Its robust security features ensure applications are less prone to crashes and security breaches.

Integration with Android Studio:

  • Offers a comprehensive environment for coding, testing, and debugging within Android Studio.

  • Google's full support of Kotlin in Android Studio underscores its importance in the app ecosystem.

Performance and User Experience:

  • Aids in optimizing app performance, ensuring smooth and engaging user experiences.

  • Powerful applications are crafted without compromising on performance.

Cost-Effective and Maintainable:

  • Potentially reduces development costs due to its efficient and expressive code.

  • Facilitates easy updating and enhancement of applications, crucial for adapting to changing needs.

Industry Standards and Future Potential:

  • Ensures applications are in sync with evolving industry standards and features.

  • Recognized as a driving force in the evolution of digital solutions on mobile platforms.


Enhanced Development with Kotlin in Android Studio

Android Studio stands as Google's official integrated development environment (IDE) for Android, providing developers with a cohesive and intuitive toolset tailored for the entire mobile app development cycle. Its primary goal is to offer a powerful and user-friendly platform for creating, testing, debugging, and deploying mobile applications efficiently and accurately.

Enhanced Development with Kotlin in Android Studio

The integration of Kotlin into Android Studio marks a significant step forward, enabling developers to utilize the capabilities of this modern programming language fully. Since Kotlin has received official support from Google for Android development, Android Studio has been adeptly equipped to support Kotlin’s syntax and features. This integration brings advantages like:


  • Advanced Tooling and Features: Android Studio supports Kotlin’s contemporary features like lambda expressions and coroutines, reducing code complexity and boilerplate.

  • Efficient Code Writing: The IDE’s intelligent code completion and autocomplete features enable more efficient coding, making Kotlin even more user-friendly.

  • Robust Debugging Tools: With insightful debugging support, developers can swiftly identify and resolve issues in their Kotlin applications.

  • Streamlined Asynchronous Programming: The integration of Kotlin’s native support for coroutines within Android Studio offers a well-organized framework for handling asynchronous tasks, thereby boosting app performance.

  • Null Safety Enforcement: Kotlin’s focus on null safety is complemented by Android Studio’s compile-time checks, significantly lowering the risk of runtime crashes due to null pointer exceptions.

  • Java Interoperability: The seamless blending of Kotlin and Java code within the same project is a highlight, broadening the range of usable Java libraries and frameworks.

  • Intuitive Project Navigation and Layout Design: Android Studio’s intuitive navigation and rich layout editor simplify project management and UI design.

  • Emulation of Diverse Environments: A variety of emulators replicate different devices and Android versions, essential for ensuring broad app compatibility.


These features in Android Studio have a significant impact. They help developers write concise, expressive, and maintainable Kotlin code, which improves development speed and efficiency. This streamlined process enhances the quality of the end product and reduces the time and cost of launching a mobile application. Android Studio doesn't just support Kotlin development; it enhances it, making the process more intuitive for modern mobile app development needs.

Kotlin has gained popularity for its strong support in Android Studio, providing developers with advanced tools to simplify native Android app development but what about cross-platform development?


Is Kotlin Suitable for Cross-Platform App Development?

The answer is yes, you can develop for iOS using Kotlin, although it's not the standard approach. Kotlin, primarily used for Android native development, can be used for iOS development through Kotlin Multiplatform, a feature of Kotlin that allows developers to write code that can be compiled for multiple platforms, including iOS.

The School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) study highlights the efficiency and performance of cross-platform mobile development, especially in Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile (KMM) projects.

KMM allows for sharing codebases across platforms while maintaining native UI elements, leading to faster execution times but with higher memory and CPU usage compared to native Swift. Kotlin's concise syntax reduces boilerplate code, enhancing code maintainability and readability.

In this recent comparative study, a diverse set of benchmarks were used, including HTTP-Requester, JSON-Parser, Fannkuch-Redux, and N-body calculations.

Comparison of Execution Time Between KMM and Swift
Performance Evaluation of Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile and Native iOS Development in Swift - KTH Royal Institute of Technology

KMM slightly outperformed Swift in execution times across these benchmarks. This performance edge was particularly noticeable in tasks involving network operations and data parsing, highlighting KMM's efficiency in these areas.

However, it's important to note the trade-offs observed in the study. While KMM showed quicker execution, it generally exhibited higher memory consumption and increased CPU usage.

Additionally, its robust integration with Android Studio offers advanced features like intelligent code completion and robust debugging. However, developers should be aware of the trade-offs in memory and CPU resources, especially considering Kotlin's garbage collection mechanism.

This makes Kotlin, especially through KMM, a compelling choice for developers targeting both Android and iOS, offering a blend of development efficiency, code quality, and application stability.


What are the best options for cross-platform development?

For companies and startups looking to reach both Android and iOS users with a single codebase, cross-platform frameworks like React Native or Flutter may be the best options. These frameworks allow developers to write code once and deploy it on multiple platforms, saving time and resources.

Swift remains the top choice due to its speed, safety, and modern syntax, ideal for high-performance iOS applications. Choosing the right development technology is crucial, as it directly affects the product's quality and efficiency.

Developers must consider the unique strengths and limitations of each language to tailor solutions effectively to project needs.

The table below provides a concise comparison of the main language technologies, detailing their strengths and limitations:






Optimized for iOS, Fast and powerful, Safe and easy to maintain

Limited to Apple ecosystem


Concise and expressive, Great for Android and cross-platform, Null safety

Relatively newer in the market, Limited resources compared to Java

React Native

Strong community, Live reloading, Reusable components

Performance issues with heavy tasks, Native modules required for advanced features


Single codebase for iOS and Android, Rich UI components, High performance

Larger app size, Relatively new, fewer third-party libraries


Mobile App Development Considerations

A successful mobile application hinges not only on the programming language selected but also on the rigor applied during testing and quality assurance. Identifying bugs early through meticulous testing strategies can streamline ongoing maintenance, ultimately optimizing performance and creating a seamless user experience.

Prioritizing user-centric design is essential. Developing an intuitive and engaging user interface involves understanding user behavior to create a product that meets their needs and enhances user satisfaction.

What types of software do you develop with Kotlin? chart
The State of Developer Ecosystem in 2022 Infographic by JetBrains

Efficiency in development practices is another cornerstone. Whether opting for a dedicated team experienced in Swift, Kotlin, or a cross-platform favorite like React Native, the end goal remains consistent: to forge applications that are functional, scalable, and maintain agile performance across the myriad of devices and operating systems.

What do you use Kotlin for?
The State of Developer Ecosystem in 2022 Infographic by JetBrains


Target Audience Analysis: MVP Approach in App Development

In mobile app development, understanding the target audience is vital. This process is streamlined by employing the Minimum Viable Product (MVP) development approach, where the core functionalities that meet user needs are prioritized. Kotlin’s versatility aids in quickly creating MVPs that resonate with the audience, ensuring that the apps developed are both effective and aligned with current consumer trends.


Faster Development Cycles with a Dedicated Kotlin Development Team

Utilizing Kotlin with a proficient development team can significantly impact the app development timeline. Kotlin's concise syntax and powerful features promote a development environment that prioritizes clean, sustainable, reusable code, leading to quicker production cycles.

A team experienced in Kotlin can leverage its memory management capabilities and runtime efficiency to ensure timely delivery of apps, meeting the increasing demand for swift digital solutions.

The simplicity and precision of the language enable quicker code navigation and completion. With a skilled Kotlin team, these strengths can be leveraged for efficient development cycles.


Choosing the Right App Development Partner

Selecting the appropriate app development partner is a crucial decision that will impact the design, features, and performance of your mobile application.

This selection process demands careful consideration of various factors including the vendor's portfolio, their historical client reviews, technical proficiency, industry experience, and how well they articulate and align with your business goals and vision.

An astute evaluation of a potential app development company should extend beyond superficial factors.

It's essential to conduct an in-depth analysis of their past projects to gauge their aptitude for innovation and their ability to deliver digital solutions that cater to a wide range of user needs and market demands. Client testimonials provide invaluable insights into the vendor's reliability, responsiveness, and the quality of their customer service.


What to Consider When Selecting an App Development Company

To narrow down your choices, evaluate the potential app development companies based on a holistic set of criteria:

  • Portfolio Examination: Scrutinizing the company's past work can reveal their level of creativity and innovation, along with the range of industries they've served.

  • Client Testimonials: Peruse through client reviews to gauge the company's dedication to quality and client satisfaction.

  • Technical Expertise: Assess their technical competency, particularly with Kotlin and its associated development tools like Android Studio.

  • Industry Experience: Confirm that the team has a deep understanding of the industry standards and practices unique to your field.

  • Feature/Cost Balance: Examine how the company navigates the balance between development time, cost, and the robustness of app features—prioritizing a seamless user experience.

  • Security Adherence: Evaluate their commitment to secure coding practices, ensuring the protection of user data and compliance with regulatory standards.


Collaborating with Experienced and Skilled Kotlin Developers

Engaging with a team of seasoned Kotlin developers can catapult your app's potential to the forefront of tech advancement:

  • Specialization: Partner with companies that have a focus on Kotlin to leverage their expertise and delivery of high-quality and maintainable code.

  • Client-Centered Development: Involving continuous feedback loops ensures that the app aligns perfectly with user needs and expectations.

  • Flexibility & Scalability: Depending on your project's scope, hiring a scalable team or a single dedicated developer can prove valuable for meeting diverse project demands.

  • Legacy Enhancement: Utilize Kotlin's interoperability with Java to breathe new life into existing projects, thereby boosting performance and maintainability.

  • Quality & Testing: Ensuring rigorous quality assurance protocols and dedicated testing processes translates to a superior, bug-free app experience for end-users.

In conclusion, selecting the right app development service is a nuanced process that demands a comprehensive audit of potential vendors. By placing a sharp focus on technical know-how, compatibility with business vision, and balancing costs without compromising on app quality and user experience, businesses can harness the potential of Kotlin and transform their app concepts into cutting-edge reality.


Ready for Scalable and Reliable App Development? Choose Leanware for Your Kotlin Projects

Ensure client satisfaction and a positive user experience for your startup, company, or projects by hiring a seasoned software development partner.

Leanware expert team, well-versed in Kotlin's powerful features, is ready to deliver high-quality, efficient applications tailored to your requirements. Don't let slow development hold you back. Contact Leanware today and take the first step towards a swift and successful digital solution. Let's build something great together with Kotlin! 


Ongoing Maintenance and Updates for Long-Term Success

Long-term maintenance and update plans are indispensable for mobile applications to sustain their relevance and effectiveness. Kotlin’s intrinsic design promotes longevity and keeps updating processes streamlined.

Maintenance services for Kotlin apps extend well beyond their initial deployment, providing routine bug fixes, security patches, and performance optimizations that are essential for an app’s durability and users' trust.

A dedicated team proficient in Kotlin ensures comprehensive support, leveraging advanced debugging tools and techniques to address any arising issues swiftly. This ongoing care includes essential updates such as adapting to the latest Android SDKs, incorporating new features to meet user demands, and tuning the app to the ever-changing landscape of device hardware and software ecosystems.

Here is a snapshot of the maintenance services Leanware offers for Kotlin-based apps:

  • Bug Fixes and Issue Resolution: Rapid response to software bugs and issues to ensure uninterrupted service.

  • Performance Optimization: Regular enhancement of the app's speed and efficiency.

  • Security Management: Implementation of the latest security protocols to protect user data.

  • Compatibility Updates: Assuring the app remains compatible with new devices and OS releases.

  • Feature Upgrade Integrating new features to keep the app competitive and engaging.

Concluding Thoughts: Embracing Kotlin for Future-Proof App Development

In essence, Kotlin is more than a programming language; It’s a whole ecosystem for creating various projects for innovation and efficiency in the digital age. As we navigate the complexities of modern app development, Kotlin stands as a reliable and powerful ally, ready to transform challenges into opportunities for growth and success.

With its efficiency in speeding up development cycles and the advantage of being suitable for both Android and cross-platform projects, Kotlin is not just a tool but a strategic asset. Companies looking to maintain a competitive edge and meet the swiftly changing demands of the digital world would do well to harness the power of Kotlin, whether for Android-specific projects or broader, cross-platform endeavors.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Kotlin Development

What is Kotlin used for in app development? 

Kotlin is primarily used for developing modern, efficient Android apps. It’s known for its concise syntax, safety features, and compatibility with Java, making it a versatile choice for Android and cross-platform development.

Is Kotlin the best choice for Android development in 2024? 

Why choose Kotlin over other programming languages?

Can Kotlin be used for cross-platform development? 

How does Kotlin improve app development speed? 

Is Kotlin suitable for beginners in app development? 

What are the key strengths of Kotlin? 

Are there any limitations to using Kotlin for app development? 

How does Leanware utilize Kotlin for client projects? 

Can existing Java Android apps be converted to Kotlin? 

How does hiring Leanware for Kotlin development benefit my project? 


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