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The Top Coding Languages for Mobile App Development in 2024

Updated: Mar 8

Banner The Top Coding Languages for App Development in 2024

Coding languages have been continuously evolving, with new ones emerging and outdated ones fading into oblivion. As the demand for innovative and efficient app development continues to rise, it's important to familiarize yourself with the tech stack that will lead the industry in 2024.

Before exploring the top coding languages for app development in 2024 it's important to know the main differences between native and hybrid app development

android and ios development logos

Native App Development Vs Hybrid App Development

Native app development involves creating an app specifically for a single platform, such as iOS or Android. This means using the platform's specific programming languages and tools to build the app. On the other hand, hybrid app development involves using a single code base to create an app that can be used on multiple platforms.

One advantage of native app development is the ability to take full advantage of the platform's capabilities, resulting in a high-performance and seamless user experience. However, this approach can be more time-consuming and costly as developers need to create separate apps for each platform.

On the other hand, hybrid app development offers the advantage of being able to reach a wide spectrum with a single code base. This can result in cost and time savings, as well as easier maintenance and updates. However, hybrid apps may not be able to take full advantage of each platform's unique features, resulting in a potentially less polished user experience.

Native App Development Advantages

  • High performance and speed

  • Full access to device features and APIs

  • Superior user experience and interface customization

  • Enhanced security measures

  • Better offline capabilities

  • Greater scalability and optimization for specific OS

Native App Development Disadvantages

  • Longer development time

  • Higher development costs

  • Separate codebases for different platforms

  • More complex updates and deployments

Hybrid App Development Advantages

  • Cross-platform compatibility

  • Single codebase maintenance

  • Faster development time

  • Cost-effectiveness

  • Easier updates and deployments

Hybrid App Development Disadvantages

  • Limited access to device features and APIs

  • In some cases reduced performance and speed

  • Dependence on third-party frameworks and tools

  • Sometimes less polished user experience compared to native apps

  • Possible compatibility issues across different OS

In summary, both native and hybrid app development have strengths and weaknesses. The best approach will depend on the specific needs and goals of the project.


iOS Native App Development Programming Languages

Regarding iOS app development, the two primary programming languages used are Swift and Objective-C.



Swift is a programming language that is widely used for developing apps on iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS due to its power and versatility. One of the key features of Swift is its secure and fast design, which makes it a popular choice for developers. Its modern syntax and strong typing also contribute to its efficiency and reliability.

Swift app development offers several advantages for app development, including safety and performance. Its strong type system helps to prevent errors and ensure code stability, while its high-performance compiler allows for fast and smooth execution of apps. Additionally, Swift has seamless integration with Objective-C, making it easy for developers to work with existing code and libraries.

An additional benefit of Swift is its user-friendly nature. It is designed to be easy to learn and use, making it a great option for developers who are new to programming. Its clear and concise syntax, along with helpful error messages, make it easier for beginners to write and understand code.



Objective-C has played a key role in the development of iOS and macOS apps. It was originally developed in the 1980s as an extension of the C programming language. One of its key features is its extensive support for Apple's frameworks, making it the primary language for app development on Apple platforms.

Before the introduction of Swift, Objective-C was the go-to language for building apps for iOS and macOS. It offers several benefits, including the ability to maintain and enhance legacy apps, making it a solid choice for long-term app support.

Objective-C has a rich history and continues to be a valuable language for app development. Although it is an older programming language, it continues to be relevant today because of its compatibility with both Swift and C languages. Objective-C has a stable and well-established community, although it lacks some modern features found in Swift.


Android Native App Development Programming Languages

When it comes to Android app development, choosing the right programming language is crucial for creating high-quality and efficient applications. Developers typically choose Java and Kotlin as their preferred programming languages.



Kotlin has become the most popular choice for native Android app development due to its key features and advantages. One of the main advantages of using Kotlin is its interoperability with Java, which makes it easy to transition from Java to Kotlin or even use both languages in the same project. This means developers can take advantage of Kotlin's modern features while still being able to use existing Java libraries and frameworks.

Another advantage of Kotlin is its null safety feature, which helps eliminate common runtime errors caused by null references. This makes code more robust and reliable, ultimately leading to better-quality apps. Additionally, Kotlin is known for its simplicity in writing code, which can lead to increased productivity and a more enjoyable development experience.

In 2019, Google officially declared Kotlin as the preferred language for Android app development, signaling a shift from Java. Kotlin can be used as an alternative to Java, offering developers a more modern and concise language to work with. Kotlin can seamlessly interoperate with Java, allowing developers to gradually migrate their codebase to Kotlin without having to rewrite everything at once. Furthermore, Kotlin is fully compatible with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), meaning that Kotlin code can be executed on any device that supports Java.

Overall, Kotlin's compatibility with Java, null safety, and simplicity in writing code make it an attractive choice for Android app development.


Java is an object-oriented programming language. This means that it utilizes classes, objects, and interfaces. The syntax of this particular language is comparable to that of other high-level languages such as C++ and C#.

Java is a powerful programming language that is widely used for app development. One of the key aspects of using Java is its status as the official language for Android app development. This means that by leveraging Java, you gain access to a vast market of mobile device users, as Android is the most widely used mobile operating system in the world and second in the US.

Java is known for its stiff learning curve, which can be a challenge for beginners. However, once mastered, it offers a lot of flexibility and versatility. For example, it is also widely used for creating backend servers, making it a valuable skill for those interested in web development.

Utilizing Java provides various advantages, such as the ability to create applications for the popular Android platform, and the flexibility to build backend servers.


C++ is a powerful, intermediate-level programming language that offers a mix of high-level and low-level features. It is used in various domains, including parts of mobile app development, particularly in areas where performance is critical, such as game development or for specific performance-critical components of apps.

Furthermore, C++ is known for its complexity, largely due to its manual memory management, support for multiple programming paradigms, and advanced features like templates and multiple inheritance. This complexity can lead to a steep learning curve and challenges in maintaining code. Additionally, C++ lacks some modern conveniences found in newer languages, such as high-level concurrency support and comprehensive standard libraries, which can affect rapid development and ease of use.

This makes C++ a suitable choice for developing resource-intensive and high-performance applications, especially in contexts where control over system resources is paramount.


Programming Languages for Hybrid App Development

The choice of programming language can greatly impact the development of a mobile app. Some languages are more widely used and popular than others.

To guide you in selecting the most suitable programming language for your project, a compilation of the most popular ones in web app development has been prepared.


React Native

React Native is a popular and reliable framework that Leanware often uses for developing native cross-platform mobile applications. It stands out for its ability to create apps that run seamlessly on both iOS and Android devices, saving time and effort for startups and businesses.

One of the key features of React Native is its support for auto-layout and flexbox, which makes it easier to create responsive and adaptive UIs that look great on any screen size. This is a big advantage in the world of mobile development where the variety of devices and screen sizes is huge.

Another noteworthy aspect is the emphasis on components and communication. React Native’s modular and reusable components allow for a more efficient and organized codebase, while its smooth communication between the UI and the native platform leads to a more seamless user experience.

In addition, React Native offers a wide range of third-party tools and libraries, contributing to its flexibility and extensibility. This is especially valuable for startups and small businesses looking to create minimal viable products (MVPs), dynamic UIs, and hybrid apps, as React Native is suitable for cross-platform app development, prototyping, and building apps with native-like performance.



Flutter is a popular choice for building cross-platform MVPs and finished products. Developers can also write a single codebase that works on both iOS and Android devices with Flutter. 

Flutter mobile app development offers customizable UI components, which allows developers to create unique and visually appealing user interfaces. This is important for creating a memorable and engaging user experience, especially for MVP and startup projects that need to stand out in the crowded app marketplace.

Another advantage of Flutter is its fast compilation times, which can speed up the development process significantly. This is especially useful for small teams or startups that need to get their app to market quickly.

Flutter offers a range of benefits for mobile app development. It is a great choice for startup projects and small teams looking to reduce development time and enhance their app's user interface.



Python is well-known for its user-friendly and easy-to-read syntax, making it a popular choice for beginners and experienced developers alike. Its extensive library of third-party modules allows for seamless integration and implementation of various functionalities, making it a versatile language for a wide range of applications.

For mobile app development, Python offers a range of benefits. From back-end web development to scientific computing, data science, and machine learning, Python has the flexibility and capabilities to handle complex tasks and processes. Its user-friendly nature allows for quicker development and iteration, while its extensive library of third-party modules provides access to a wide array of tools and resources to enhance the development process.

In addition, Python's adaptability and simplicity make it an excellent choice for mobile app development, as it can easily integrate with other languages and platforms. Its scalability and reliability also make it a strong candidate for creating robust and efficient mobile apps. Overall, Python's key features and applications make it a valuable asset for improving the mobile app development process.



Structured Query Language, is a fundamental component in the realm of app development, playing an essential role in the efficient and rapid storage and retrieval of data across major mobile and web platforms.

As the standard language for managing and manipulating data in relational databases, SQL is integral to the functionality of a wide array of applications. Its capabilities extend beyond basic data storage; SQL enables developers to create complex queries to retrieve, update, delete, and manage data effectively. This versatility makes it an indispensable tool for handling the diverse and dynamic data needs that modern mobile and web applications rely on.

Beyond mere data storage, SQL’s ability to facilitate detailed data extraction and manipulation is crucial for the smooth operation of applications and for delivering a responsive user experience. From e-commerce and content management systems to social networking platforms, SQL's role is central in enabling these applications to access and manage the data they require efficiently. Its universal applicability and ease of integration with various programming languages and tools further cement its status as an essential component in both mobile and web application development.

How to Choose the Best Programming Language for Your App Development Project

To choose the best programming language for app development, you should consider a few key factors. First, think about your business goals and the specific purpose of the app you want to develop. This will help you determine the functionality and features you need, which in turn will guide your choice of programming language.

Next, consider the mobile operating system you want your app to run on (Android, iOS, or both). Different operating systems have different requirements and support different programming languages, so it's important to take this into account when making your decision.

Finally, think about the specific requirements of the app type you're developing. For example, if you're creating a mobile app, you might need to consider factors like performance, user interface, and compatibility with different devices.

Need guidance considering these factors? Contact Leanware, we offer professional support in selecting the appropriate programming language for your mobile app project so you can ensure that you choose the best tech stack that aligns with your business goals and meets the specific requirements of your users.

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